1242, hunters from the monastery Pfäfers discovered the 36.5°C spring. According to tradition, the monks of the nearby Benedictine monastery soon recognised the healing effects of the water. And so began the long history of Bad Pfäfers and later Bad Ragaz. In 1840, the warm thermal water was first routed in wooden pipelines from the Tamina gorge to Bad Ragaz. This pipeline had a length of 4,202 metres and a drop of 168 metres.
|1242||Huntsmen discover the spring|
|Ab 1350||Wooden bath houses rest on beams over the Tamina|
|1630||Thermal water is funnelled 450 m in wooden channels to the outlet of the gorge – Old Bad Pfäfers is formed|
|1704-1718||Abbott Bonifaz Tschupp and Abbott Bonifaz of Gilgen establish the bath houses which are still partially preserved today|
|1840||Thermal water is funnelled in wooden channels to Ragaz|
|1858||The first railway reaches Ragaz|
|1868||The „Quellenhof“ hotel in Ragaz is built|
|1872||Europe’s first thermal water indoor pool was created|
|1936||Die Gemeinde Ragaz wird zum Kurort Bad Ragaz|
|1969||Ragaz parish becomes Bad Ragaz spa town|
|1970||The Valens rehabilitation clinic is opened|
|1983-1995||Bad Pfäfers is restored in three stages|
|2015||Thermal water is funnelled in a new channel to Ragaz|
|2017||Experience a spectacular multimedia production in the Tamina gorge. The Light Ragaz art project will breathe life into our source of being. Thanks to state-of-the-art projection technology, you will be transported into the mystical world of spring water and the power of the elements.|
Deep in the wild and romantic Tamina gorge beats the heart of the Grand Resort Bad Ragaz: the legendary spring from which thermal water has welled up at body temperature for many centuries. This water has inspired a unique combination of health and wellbeing.
Chemical properties of the thermal water
Based on its composition, the local Bad Ragaz spa water belongs to the main group of chloride-hydrogen carbonate-sulphate waters. In addition to these principal components, it also contains trace elements such as iron, fluoride and iodide ions, as well as sulphide sulphur. The spring is classified as an acratotherm or hot spring (< 1000 mg/l mineral content, temperature > 20°C) and has proved its worth in treating complaints of the locomotor system and diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
Physical properties of the thermal water
Immersion in water in effect provides a transformed physical environment for the body. The physical properties of the water include the water pressure, buoyancy, water density and thermal conditions.
These bring about a whole host of positive effects pertaining to the heart, lungs, kidneys, circulation, motor system and even hormones. The most important effects on our body:
- A reduction of vasoconstriction (narrowing of the blood vessels) in the legs (30%)
- An increase in circulation (30%)
- An improved use of the exchange surface of the lungs (pulmonary circulation and ventilation)
- A reduction of blood pressure
- An improvement of cardiac function (stroke volume and cardiac output increase by about 25%)
Time in the water reduces muscle tension and loosens connective tissue. Non-rheumatoid pain is alleviated and mobility in relation to the spine and extremities is improved.
Effects on the body
The warmth has positive effects on the locomotor system and our ability to relax. At this “comfort temperature“, the body neither has to produce heat nor release excess heat. Our body temperature therefore remains constant.
The water helps alleviate
- Joint and spine conditions
- Posture and movement disorders
- Rehabilitation after operations of the locomotor system
- Disorders of the vegetative-hormonal system